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Oggetto:
Oggetto:

Clinica chirurgica veterinaria 2

Oggetto:

Veterinary Surgery 2

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Anno accademico 2021/2022

Codice attività didattica
VET0030
Docenti
Prof. Laura Zarucco (Responsabile)
Prof. Paolo Buracco (Affidatario)
Prof. Marco Gandini (Affidatario)
Dr. Gessica Giusto (Affidatario)
Prof. Emanuela Maria Morello (Affidatario)
Dr. Matteo Olimpo (Affidatario)
Prof. Alberto Valazza (Affidatario)
Anno
5° anno
Periodo
Nono semestre
Tipologia
Corso integrato
Crediti/Valenza
10
SSD attività didattica
VET/09 - clinica chirurgica veterinaria
Erogazione
Mista
Lingua
Italiano
Frequenza
Obbligo frequenza 80% delle ore esercitative
Tipologia esame
Scritto più orale obbligatorio
Prerequisiti
Lo studente deve avere le conoscenze di base concernenti l’'anatomia applicata (chirurgica), la fisiologia e la farmacologia.
Deve altresì conoscere le tecniche operatorie di base e i principi di anestesiologia e aver sostenuto e superato i seguenti esami:
Patologia generale e fisiopatologia veterinaria (VET0015)
Semeiotica e diagnostica veterinaria (VET0018)
Patologia e diagnostica chirurgica e radiologia veterinaria (VET0025)

The student is required to have a basic knowledge concerning applied (surgical) anatomy, physiology and pharmacology.
He must also know the basic surgical techniques and principles of anesthesiology and have sustained and passed the following exams:
General pathology and veterinary pathophysiology (VET0015)
Semeiotics and veterinary diagnostics (VET0018)
Pathology and surgical diagnostics and veterinary radiology (VET0025)
Oggetto:

Sommario insegnamento

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Avvisi

Accesso Skill Lab Studenti Modalità Esame Clinica Chirurgica 2
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Obiettivi formativi

Scopo del corso è l'apprendimento di approfondite conoscenze necessarie per la valutazione e l'inquadramento di casi clinici di interesse chirurgico nei piccoli e grossi animali. In particolare lo scopo è quello di aiutare lo studente ad a acquisire la capacità di condensare le conoscenze acquisite in precedenza in altre materie cliniche del corso di laurea per  arrivare ad una corretta gestione e trattamento della patologia chirurgica.

Verranno fornite informazioni sulla diagnostica clinica e sull'approccio chirurgico delle principali malattie chirurgiche degli apparati: tegumentario, gastroenterico, urinario, genitale maschile, nervoso, visivo e uditivo dei piccoli animali (cani e gatti) e dell'apparato gastroenterico, respiratorio, muscoloscheletrico, urogenitale e tegumentario dei grossi animali e opzioni terapeutiche.

L'insegnamento si compone dei seguenti moduli:

1. SEMEIOTICA E CLINICA CHIRURGICA 3 (A) ha l'obiettivo di fornire conoscenze e competenze specifiche riguardanti i seguenti apparati (Grossi animali):

APPARATO MUSCOLOSCHELETRICO, e RESPIRATORIO dei GROSSI ANIMALI (Equini e Ruminanti)

APPARATO DIGERENTE dei GROSSI ANIMALI (Equini e Ruminanti)

APPARATO GENITO-URINARIO dei GROSSI ANIMALI (Equini e Ruminanti)

APPARATO TEGUMENTARIO dei GROSSI ANIMALI (Equini)

2. SEMEIOTICA E CLINICA CHIRURGICA 2 (B) ha l'obiettivo di fornire conoscenze e competenze specifiche riguardanti i seguenti apparati (Piccoli animali):

APPARATO TEGUMENTARIO dei PICCOLI ANIMALI (Cane e Gatto)

APPARATO URINARIO dei PICCOLI ANIMALI (Cane e Gatto)

APPARATO DIGERENTE, UDITIVO  e GENITALE MASCHILE dei PICCOLI ANIMALI (Cane e Gatto)

NEUROCHIRURGIA e APPARATO VISIVO dei PICCOLI ANIMALI (Cane e Gatto)

 

Educational Objectives

The objective of the course is providing students with in-depth knowledge required for clinical assessment and evaluation of small and large animal patients requiring surgical treatment. The course aims to convey to the student skills to:

  • Acquire the basic concepts for the clinical assessment of patients suffering from one of the main surgical diseases discussed in the program
  • Evaluate the cost / benefit ratio of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures applied in animals suffering from one of the main surgical diseases
  • Recognize and diagnose a surgical disease condition and prescribe an appropriate treatment option (medical vs. surgical) as well as to define priorities in cases with complex lesions or those that  require immediate attention that is not deferrable.
  • Being able to select the surgical treatment options considered most suitable both in terms of the clinical indication and technical applicability.
  • Acquire the  skills to apply techniques most frequently employed in the discipline of veterinary surgery (i.e. in plastic and reconstructive surgery, gastrointestinal, upper airway, thoracic, genitourinary, orthopedic, ophthalmic, neurosurgery).
  • Apply basic knowledge of traditional and minimally invasive techniques and surgical methods,
  • Acquire adequate skills to tackle problems associated with post-operative patient care and to implement follow-up controls throughout post-surgical case management.

The course consists of the following modules:

 1. SEMEIOTICS (CLINICAL SURGICAL EXAMINATION) AND SURGERY 3 (A): the objective of the course is to provide fundamental knowledge in principles of surgery as they relate to the following organ systems (large animal species):

MUSCULOSKELETAL, AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEM of LARGE ANIMALS (Equine and Ruminants)

UROGENITAL SYSTEM of LARGE ANIMALS (Equine and Ruminants)

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM of LARGE ANIMALS (Equine and Ruminants)

INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM of LARGE ANIMALS (Equine)

 2. SEMEIOTICS (CLINICAL SURGICAL EXAMINATION) AND SURGERY 2 (B): the objective of the course is to provide fundamental knowledge in principles of surgery as they relate to the following organ systems (small animal species):

INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM of SMALL ANIMALS (Dog and Cat):

URINARY SYSTEM of SMALL ANIMALS (Dog and Cat)

NEUROSURGERY and VISUAL SYSTEM of SMALL ANIMALS (Dog and Cat):

DIGESTIVE, AUDITORY and MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM of SMALL ANIMALS (Dog and Cat):

 

Oggetto:

Risultati dell'apprendimento attesi

Al termine dell'insegnamento lo studente dovrà dimostrare di:

  • Essere in grado di scegliere le soluzioni diagnostiche e terapeutiche chirurgiche ritenute più idonee nel trattamento della malattia chirurgica sia sotto il profilo delle indicazioni che tecnico.
  • Possedere le conoscenze operative su le tecniche chirurgiche di base riguardo ai vari apparati e tessuti (duri e molli).

Dovrà inoltre essere in grado di:

  • Giudicare in modo critico le informazioni anamnestiche e i segni clinici, identificando il percorso diagnostico e le diagnosi differenziali, insieme a una buona pratica clinica basata su evidenze scientifiche.
  • Affinare le proprie capacità e acquisire i mezzi corretti e innovativi per giungere a un sospetto diagnostico e/o alla formulazione di un protocollo terapeutico.
  • Scegliere una tecnica o un approccio chirurgico e la strumentazione da utilizzare.
  • Saper riconoscere e gestire le varie complicanze
  • Essere in grado di fare un piano diagnostico e terapeutico per le principali patologie chirurgiche d'urgenza dei piccoli e grossi animali.

Clinical competencies

PA_1.17_3: The student properly writes the physical examination results in the medical records (bovine)

PA_1.17_5: The student correctly performs the general physical examination methods (small ruminants)

PA_1.18_8: The student correctly identifies the preferred site for subcutaneous and

intramuscular injection in ruminants

PA_1.18_10: The student correctly performs an intravenous injection in a ruminant

PA_1.19_3: The student knows how to assist and manage fractures and diseases affecting the tendons

PA_1.21_3: The student chooses appropriate tubes and correctly prepares the samples for the transport to the laboratory

PA_1.26_3: The student administers the medicine via the correct route

PA_1.26_4: The student properly deposits waste for selective collection with biosecurity conditions

PA_1.28_3: The student cleans and disinfects all the equipment after use, mainly non-disposable equipment such as thermometers, nose clips and speculums or similar

PA_1.29_1: The student is able to handle and restrain a surgical patient in field condition

PA_1.29_2: The student correctly performs the aseptic personal preparation in field condition

PA_1.29_3: The student correctly performs the surgical scrub in field condition

PA_1.29_4: The student knows the instruments suitable for most soft tissue surgeries

PA_1.29_5: The student is able to provide assistance during a surgery in field condition

PA_1.29_6: The student correctly applies the procedures for tying and cutting a suture knot

PA_1.30_1: The student knows the main sedatives and tranquilizers used in production animals and how to prescribe them

PA_1.30_2: The student knows the main anesthetic agents used in production animals

PA_1.30_3: The student knows the main local anesthetic agents used in production animals

PA_1.30_4: The student correctly performs a local/regional anesthetic block in field condition

PA_1.33_7: The student correctly performs procedures, preparation and processing of specimens with particular regard to package samples for storage and transfer to the diagnostic laboratories

EQ_1.15_1: The student obtains a medical history in a structured way taking into account the main questions: what?, since or when?, whether improved or worsened?, other animals affected? and information on feeling, deworming,vaccination and reproduction statuts (if applicable)

EQ_1.15_3: The student asks about the main signs of diseases such as lameness, colic episodes, weight loss, loss of appetite, cough, alopecia, and behavioural changes

EQ_1.15_4: The student correctly writes the medical history findings using the appropriate Veterinary Medical terminology. The student is able to transform the owner’s description in a brief and accurate way for a quick clinical history reading

EQ_1.16_1: The student shows confidence and safely approaches to a horse

EQ_1.16_2: The student shows confidence and handles hospitalized horses in a safe manner

EQ_1.17_1: The student performs appropriately the inspection from distance, collects the information, and performs the physical examination with method in a horse

EQ_1.17_2: The student correctly collects the vital signs (TPR=temperature/pulse/respiratory rate) in a horse

EQ_1.17_3: The student properly reports findings of the physical examination in the medical records of the hospital

EQ_1.17_4: The student correctly identifies all relevant musculoskeletal anatomical structures in the equine foot

EQ_1.17_5: The student is able to perform a static musculoskeletal clinical examination in a horse

EQ_1.17_6: The student is able to assist during a dynamic musculoskeletal clinical examination in a horse

EQ_1.18_1: The student completes the initial assessment of a patient: evaluation of hydration, tissue perfusion, and fluid volume/loss

EQ_1.18_2: The student correctly selects the fluid dictated by the patient’s needs, including volume, rate, and fluid composition requirements

EQ_1.18_3: The student calculates the Fluid Rate (ml/kg/hr), including maintenance and replacement fluids

EQ_1.19_1: The student correctly performs first aid management on a patient with colic

EQ_1.19_3: The student correctly performs first aid management of a patient with a wound

EQ_1.19_4: The student correctly performs the limb immobilization (RJ bandage, splint) on a simulator

EQ_1.19_5: The student correctly performs the limb immobilization on a patient (RJ bandage, splint) with severe lameness

EQ_1.20_2: The student recognizes the nutritional status of the horse

EQ_1.21_1: The student properly collects blood samples, uses appropriate tubes and correctly completes the lab form (for inhouse and referral labs)

EQ_1.21_2: The student correctly collects a sample of blood/faeces for diagnosis of parasitological and/or infectious diseases, and correctly completes the lab submission form

EQ_1.21_3: The student is able to perform basic haematological and serobiochemical tests on blood samples from a patient

EQ_1.22_1: The student is able to transfer clinical details between different specialists in the hospital and report consistently medical report in the process of referral

EQ_1.23_2: The student properly places a horse to be radiographically examined according to standard recommendations and radiographic atlas

EQ_1.23_3: The student describes the radiological findings using the appropriate clinical terms, and completes a differential diagnosis list

EQ_1.23_7: The student performs the US examination of the abdomen in a horse (surgery/medicine)

EQ_1.26_2: The student calculates a drug dosage for a patient

EQ_1.26_3: The student administers the medicine via the correct route

EQ_1.26_4: The student properly deposits waste for selective collection with biosecurity conditions

EQ_1.28_1: The student wears correctly gloves, gowns, footwear, headcovers and surgical facemask in the surgical room

EQ_1.28_2: The student correctly performs the hair clipping and a standard surgical scrubbing

EQ_1.28_4: The student clearly identifies and holds correctly at least the following surgical instruments: needle holder, blades, scalpel handle, scissors (Mayo & Metzenbaum), curettes, forceps (Babcock, Allis, Mosquito), Backhaus towel clamps &retractors (hand-held, Gelpi & Weitlaner)

EQ_1.28_5: The student names the suture material and selects the appropriate type of suture and needle for the proposed surgical need

EQ_1.29_1: The student assists the surgeon performing a sterile surgical procedure (laparotomy, castration, arthroscopy, wound repair, osteosynthesis surgery)

EQ_1.30_1: The student assesses the animal prior to performing the sedation or anaesthesia

EQ_1.30_2: The student calculates and applies correctly the most adequate sedation and anaesthetic protocol to the animal demonstrating that is able to use at least the following drugs: Butorphanol, Diazepam, Midazolam, alpha-2 agonists, dissociative agents, barbiturates, inhalant anaestethics

EQ_1.30_3: The student induces the anaesthesia correctly and knows how to place an endotracheal tube

EQ_1.30_4: The student maintains the anaesthesia correctly using the monitoring equipment to prevent poor patient outcome and contributes to oxygen delivery to tissues, acid base balance, and anaesthetic triad of narcosis, analgesia and muscle relaxation

EQ_1.31_1: The student recognizes or assesses the pain with the proposed scale in the clinical daily record

EQ_1.31_2: The student is familiar with the most important analgesics used in the hospital on horses

EQ_1.31_3: The student is able to calculate and dose the analgesia in a patient within the hospitalization

EQ_1.32_1: The student recognizes and understands when the euthanasia is ethically and scientifically justified in a horse

EQ_1.32_2: The student performs a simulated euthanasia on a mannequin head. The student is expected to describe all measures adopted before and after inoculation of euthanasia solution.

CA_1.15_2: The student shows ability to formulate questions to the dog/cat owner and to collect information about the animal and its surroundings before examination: what?, since or when?, whether improved or worsened?, other animals affected? information on feeding, deworming, vaccination and reproduction status (if applicable)

CA_1.17_44: The student is able to perform differential diagnosis according to age, breed and pain localization

CA_1.18_1: The student correctly identifies the main objectives of the therapy in relation to the clinical case presented

CA_1.18_8: The student is able to read and interpret laboratory results concerning microorganism sensitivity/resistance to antibiotics

CA_1.18_9: The student knows first line antibiotics for specific infectious pathologies (urinary tract infections, respiratory diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, skin, eye)

CA_1.18_12: The student knows the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to an otoematoma

CA_1.18_13: The student knows the therapeutic approach to conjunctivitis and ulcer lesions

CA_1.18_23: The student handles, prepares and marks surgical specimens of different neoplastic tissues and fills in a regular pathology submission form

CA_1.18_24: The student shows ability to address the owner of a dog/cat with a neoplastic disease to a specialist (medical, surgical and radiation oncologist) based on a risk/benefit ratio

CA_1.19_1: The student supervised by the veterinarian correctly performs first aid management of a patient with an ear injury

CA_1.19_2: The student supervised by the veterinarian correctly performs first aid management of a patient with an eye injury

CA_1.19_10: The student knows how to stabilize the animal and the emergency procedures in case of abdominal organ rupture

CA_1.19_11: The student knows the main procedures for collecting biological samples in an emergency

CA_1.19_12: The student knows how to perform a drainage and/or centesis

CA_1.19_13: The student correctly applies a bandage on a patient

CA_1.23_14: The student knows how to collect urine samples by ultrasound-guided cistocentesis

CA_1.26_2: The student calculates a drug dosage for a patient

CA_1.29_1: The student knows how to remove a cutaneous node and to perform a cystotomy, enterotomy/enterectomy, and splenectomy

CA_1.29_3: The student knows how to perform a laparotomy

CA_1.29_8: The student knows how to perform herniorrhaphy

CA_1.30_6: The student correctly performs postsurgical care

CA_1.28_3: The student clearly identifies and holds correctly at least the following surgical instruments: needle holder, blades, scalpel handle, scissors (Mayo & Metzenbaum), courettes, forceps (Babcock, Allis, Mosquito), Backhaus towel clamps & retractors (hand-held, Gelpi & Weitlaner)

CA_1.28_4: The student names the suture material and selects the appropriate type of suture and needle for a proposed wound closure

CA_1.28_5: The student sutures a wound at least with the following suture pattern: interrupted (simple interrupted & simple and cruciate mattress) and continuous (simple continuous, continuous lock or Ford interlocking, Cushing, Lembert)

CA_1.28_6: The student correctly performs the clipping of the hair, scrubbing of the skin and drapes the patient for an aseptic abdominal surgery

Expected learning outcomes

 At completion of the course, students shall have demonstrated knowledge and understanding with respect to:

  • Surgical anatomy of equids and domestic carnivores and interpretation of clinical signs of localized surgical diseases.
  • Clinical diagnostic skills with respect to most common surgical diseases of the following systems: integumentary, gastrointestinal, urinary, male reproductive, nervous, visual and hearing for small animals (dogs and cats), and gastrointestinal, respiratory, musculoskeletal, and urogenital for large animals , and respective treatment options.
  • Basic surgical techniques with respect to the different systems and tissues (hard and soft).
  • Deepening of acquired knowledge and skills through studying of scientific publications and literature searches in an attempt to confirm diagnostic hypotheses or identify and explore new working methodologies.

 Students must also be able to:

  • Judge critically the medical history and information as it relates to clinical signs,  to describe a sound diagnostic workup approach with differential diagnoses to be considered, thereby following good clinical practice based on scientific evidence.
  • Refine their skills and acquire proper and innovative understanding to arrive at a presumptive diagnosis and / or develop the formulation of a treatment plan.
  • Choose a technique or a surgical approach and describe  the instrumentation to be used.
  • Develop an examination strategy  that allows proper diagnosing through a critical thinking process, and to apply this strategy to future cases.
  • Analyze and independently solve problems associated with surgical diseases of domestic carnivores and equids.
  • Interact with colleagues using appropriate demeanor  professional approach and communication skills.
  • Develop self-learning skills and self-assessment capabilities.

Clinical Competencies

PA_1.17_3: The student properly writes the physical examination results in the medical records (bovine)

PA_1.17_5: The student correctly performs the general physical examination methods (small ruminants)

PA_1.18_8: The student correctly identifies the preferred site for subcutaneous and

intramuscular injection in ruminants

PA_1.18_10: The student correctly performs an intravenous injection in a ruminant

PA_1.19_3: The student knows how to assist and manage fractures and diseases affecting the tendons

PA_1.21_3: The student chooses appropriate tubes and correctly prepares the samples for the transport to the laboratory

PA_1.26_3: The student administers the medicine via the correct route

PA_1.26_4: The student properly deposits waste for selective collection with biosecurity conditions

PA_1.28_3: The student cleans and disinfects all the equipment after use, mainly non-disposable equipment such as thermometers, nose clips and speculums or similar

PA_1.29_1: The student is able to handle and restrain a surgical patient in field condition

PA_1.29_2: The student correctly performs the aseptic personal preparation in field condition

PA_1.29_3: The student correctly performs the surgical scrub in field condition

PA_1.29_4: The student knows the instruments suitable for most soft tissue surgeries

PA_1.29_5: The student is able to provide assistance during a surgery in field condition

PA_1.29_6: The student correctly applies the procedures for tying and cutting a suture knot

PA_1.30_1: The student knows the main sedatives and tranquilizers used in production animals and how to prescribe them

PA_1.30_2: The student knows the main anesthetic agents used in production animals

PA_1.30_3: The student knows the main local anesthetic agents used in production animals

PA_1.30_4: The student correctly performs a local/regional anesthetic block in field condition

PA_1.33_7: The student correctly performs procedures, preparation and processing of specimens with particular regard to package samples for storage and transfer to the diagnostic laboratories.

EQ_1.15_1: The student obtains a medical history in a structured way taking into account the main questions: what?, since or when?, whether improved or worsened?, other animals affected? and information on feeling, deworming,vaccination and reproduction statuts (if applicable)

EQ_1.15_3: The student asks about the main signs of diseases such as lameness, colic episodes, weight loss, loss of appetite, cough, alopecia, and behavioural changes

EQ_1.15_4: The student correctly writes the medical history findings using the appropriate Veterinary Medical terminology. The student is able to transform the owner’s description in a brief and accurate way for a quick clinical history reading

EQ_1.16_1: The student shows confidence and safely approaches to a horse

EQ_1.16_2: The student shows confidence and handles hospitalized horses in a safe manner

EQ_1.17_1: The student performs appropriately the inspection from distance, collects the information, and performs the physical examination with method in a horse

EQ_1.17_2: The student correctly collects the vital signs (TPR=temperature/pulse/respiratory rate) in a horse

EQ_1.17_3: The student properly reports findings of the physical examination in the medical records of the hospital

EQ_1.17_4: The student correctly identifies all relevant musculoskeletal anatomical structures in the equine foot

EQ_1.17_5: The student is able to perform a static musculoskeletal clinical examination in a horse

EQ_1.17_6: The student is able to assist during a dynamic musculoskeletal clinical examination in a horse

EQ_1.18_1: The student completes the initial assessment of a patient: evaluation of hydration, tissue perfusion, and fluid volume/loss

EQ_1.18_2: The student correctly selects the fluid dictated by the patient’s needs, including volume, rate, and fluid composition requirements

EQ_1.18_3: The student calculates the Fluid Rate (ml/kg/hr), including maintenance and replacement fluids

EQ_1.19_1: The student correctly performs first aid management on a patient with colic

EQ_1.19_3: The student correctly performs first aid management of a patient with a wound

EQ_1.19_4: The student correctly performs the limb immobilization (RJ bandage, splint) on a simulator

EQ_1.19_5: The student correctly performs the limb immobilization on a patient (RJ bandage, splint) with severe lameness

EQ_1.20_2: The student recognizes the nutritional status of the horse

EQ_1.21_1: The student properly collects blood samples, uses appropriate tubes and correctly completes the lab form (for inhouse and referral labs)

EQ_1.21_2: The student correctly collects a sample of blood/faeces for diagnosis of parasitological and/or infectious diseases, and correctly completes the lab submission form

EQ_1.21_3: The student is able to perform basic haematological and serobiochemical tests on blood samples from a patient

EQ_1.22_1: The student is able to transfer clinical details between different specialists in the hospital and report consistently medical report in the process of referral

EQ_1.23_2: The student properly places a horse to be radiographically examined according to standard recommendations and radiographic atlas

EQ_1.23_3: The student describes the radiological findings using the appropriate clinical terms, and completes a differential diagnosis list

EQ_1.23_7: The student performs the US examination of the abdomen in a horse (surgery/medicine)

EQ_1.26_2: The student calculates a drug dosage for a patient

EQ_1.26_3: The student administers the medicine via the correct route

EQ_1.26_4: The student properly deposits waste for selective collection with biosecurity conditions

EQ_1.28_1: The student wears correctly gloves, gowns, footwear, headcovers and surgical facemask in the surgical room

EQ_1.28_2: The student correctly performs the hair clipping and a standard surgical scrubbing

EQ_1.28_4: The student clearly identifies and holds correctly at least the following surgical instruments: needle holder, blades, scalpel handle, scissors (Mayo & Metzenbaum), curettes, forceps (Babcock, Allis, Mosquito), Backhaus towel clamps &retractors (hand-held, Gelpi & Weitlaner)

EQ_1.28_5: The student names the suture material and selects the appropriate type of suture and needle for the proposed surgical need

EQ_1.29_1: The student assists the surgeon performing a sterile surgical procedure (laparotomy, castration, arthroscopy, wound repair, osteosynthesis surgery)

EQ_1.30_1: The student assesses the animal prior to performing the sedation or anaesthesia

EQ_1.30_2: The student calculates and applies correctly the most adequate sedation and anaesthetic protocol to the animal demonstrating that is able to use at least the following drugs: Butorphanol, Diazepam, Midazolam, alpha-2 agonists, dissociative agents, barbiturates, inhalant anaestethics

EQ_1.30_3: The student induces the anaesthesia correctly and knows how to place an endotracheal tube

EQ_1.30_4: The student maintains the anaesthesia correctly using the monitoring equipment to prevent poor patient outcome and contributes to oxygen delivery to tissues, acid base balance, and anaesthetic triad of narcosis, analgesia and muscle relaxation

EQ_1.31_1: The student recognizes or assesses the pain with the proposed scale in the clinical daily record

EQ_1.31_2: The student is familiar with the most important analgesics used in the hospital on horses

EQ_1.31_3: The student is able to calculate and dose the analgesia in a patient within the hospitalization

EQ_1.32_1: The student recognizes and understands when the euthanasia is ethically and scientifically justified in a horse

EQ_1.32_2: The student performs a simulated euthanasia on a mannequin head. The student is expected to describe all measures adopted before and after inoculation of euthanasia solution.

CA_1.15_2: The student shows ability to formulate questions to the dog/cat owner and to collect information about the animal and its surroundings before examination: what?, since or when?, whether improved or worsened?, other animals affected? information on feeding, deworming, vaccination and reproduction status (if applicable)

CA_1.17_44: The student is able to perform differential diagnosis according to age, breed and pain localization

CA_1.18_1: The student correctly identifies the main objectives of the therapy in relation to the clinical case presented

CA_1.18_8: The student is able to read and interpret laboratory results concerning microorganism sensitivity/resistance to antibiotics

CA_1.18_9: The student knows first line antibiotics for specific infectious pathologies (urinary tract infections, respiratory diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, skin, eye)

CA_1.18_12: The student knows the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to an otoematoma

CA_1.18_13: The student knows the therapeutic approach to conjunctivitis and ulcer lesions

CA_1.18_23: The student handles, prepares and marks surgical specimens of different neoplastic tissues and fills in a regular pathology submission form

CA_1.18_24: The student shows ability to address the owner of a dog/cat with a neoplastic disease to a specialist (medical, surgical and radiation oncologist) based on a risk/benefit ratio

CA_1.19_1: The student supervised by the veterinarian correctly performs first aid management of a patient with an ear injury

CA_1.19_2: The student supervised by the veterinarian correctly performs first aid management of a patient with an eye injury

CA_1.19_10: The student knows how to stabilize the animal and the emergency procedures in case of abdominal organ rupture

CA_1.19_11: The student knows the main procedures for collecting biological samples in an emergency

CA_1.19_12: The student knows how to perform a drainage and/or centesis

CA_1.19_13: The student correctly applies a bandage on a patient

CA_1.23_14: The student knows how to collect urine samples by ultrasound-guided cistocentesis

CA_1.26_2: The student calculates a drug dosage for a patient

CA_1.29_1: The student knows how to remove a cutaneous node and to perform a cystotomy, enterotomy/enterectomy, and splenectomy

CA_1.29_3: The student knows how to perform a laparotomy

CA_1.29_8: The student knows how to perform herniorrhaphy

CA_1.30_6: The student correctly performs postsurgical care

CA_1.28_3: The student clearly identifies and holds correctly at least the following surgical instruments: needle holder, blades, scalpel handle, scissors (Mayo & Metzenbaum), courettes, forceps (Babcock, Allis, Mosquito), Backhaus towel clamps & retractors (hand-held, Gelpi & Weitlaner)

CA_1.28_4: The student names the suture material and selects the appropriate type of suture and needle for a proposed wound closure

CA_1.28_5: The student sutures a wound at least with the following suture pattern: interrupted (simple interrupted & simple and cruciate mattress) and continuous (simple continuous, continuous lock or Ford interlocking, Cushing, Lembert)

CA_1.28_6: The student correctly performs the clipping of the hair, scrubbing of the skin and drapes the patient for an aseptic abdominal surgery

Oggetto:

Programma

MD SEMEIOTICA E CLINICA CHIRURGICA 3 (A)

Il modulo affronta le diverse patologie dei grossi animali suddivise nei seguenti apparati:

APPARATO MUSCOLOSCHELETRICO, e RESPIRATORIO 

Apparato muscoloscheletrico: Visita clinica per zoppia e metodologie diagnostiche (esame radiografico, ecografico, etc) per le principali patologie responsabili della zoppia nel cavallo: patologie ortopediche dello sviluppo nel puledro (i.e. deformità angolari e flessorie), patologie del piede e dito equino (diagnosi e trattamento medico e chirurgico), patologie muscolari, tendinee e legamentose, infezioni ortopediche (osteiti/osteomieliti, artriti e sinoviti settiche), emergenze ortopediche e metodi di stabilizzazione, trattamento delle più comuni fratture nel cavallo e metodi di fissazione interna ed esterna. Tecniche di chirurgia miniinvasiva.

Apparato respiratorio: Esame delle vie respiratorie superiori e inferiori nel cavallo e puledro, diagnostica per immagini (endoscopia, radiologia e ultrasonografia delle prime vie respiratorie, delle tasche gutturali, laringe e vie aree inferiori), patologie delle cavità nasali e dei seni paranasali (cisti nasali, ematoma progressivo dell'etmoide, polipi, neoplasie, sinusiti primarie e secondarie, etc) e terapie chirurgiche, patologie ostruttive del faringe (iperplasia linfoide del faringe, dislocazione dorsale del palato molle, etc) e terapie chirurgiche, patologie del laringe (incarceramento dell'epiglottide, emiplegia laringea, etc) e terapie chirurgiche, patologie delle tasche gutturali (empiema, micosi, timpanismo, etc) e terapie chirurgiche. Le tecniche chirurgiche faranno riferimento alle procedure di base più comunemente utilizzate. Indicazioni e tecniche chirurgiche per la tracheostomia nel paziente bovino. Indicazioni e tecniche chirurgiche per la trapanazione dei seni nel paziente bovino. Indicazioni e tecniche chirurgiche per la chirurgia del torace nel paziente bovino

APPARATOO GENITO-URINARIO dei GROSSI ANIMALI:

Apparato urogenitale maschile: Principali patologie testicolari, Indicazioni e tecniche chirurgiche per l’orchiectomia nel paziente equino e bovino. Gestione e trattamento delle principali complicazioni in seguito ad orchiectomia. Approccio e trattamento chirurgico del paziente criptorchide. Principali patologie del pene. Indicazioni e tecniche chirurgiche del pene nel paziente equino. Principali patologie della vescica. Indicazioni e tecniche chirurgiche della vescica nel paziente equino e bovino. Interpretazione di alcuni casi clinici

Apparato urogenitale femminile: Approccio e trattamento chirurgico delle principali patologie dell’utero della fattrice. Indicazioni e tecniche chirurgiche per l’ovariectomia nella cavalla. Il cesareo nella fattrice. Interpretazione di alcuni casi clinici

APPARATO DIGERENTE dei GROSSI ANIMALI

Principali patologie gastroenteriche nel paziente equino. Diagnosi differenziali delle principali patologie gastroenteriche. Triage diagnostico del paziente in colica. La gestione medica del paziente equino in colica. Tecnica chirurgica per la laparotomia esplorativa.Indicazioni, approcci e trattamento chirurgico della colica chirurgica. Gestione e trattamento delle principali complicanze postoperatorie in seguito a laparotomia esplorativa. Gestione e trattamento delle coliche del puledro. Gestione e trattamento delle lacerazioni rettali nel paziente equino. Indicazioni, approcci e trattamento chirurgico delle patologie della lingua e dell’esofago nel paziente bovino. Indicazioni, approcci e trattamento chirurgico delle patologie dei prestomaci nel paziente bovino. Indicazioni, approcci e trattamento chirurgico delle patologie dell’abomaso nel paziente bovino

APPARATO VISIVO dei GROSSI ANIMALI:

Indicazioni e tecniche chirurgiche per l’enucleazione nel paziente equino e bovino. Indicazioni e tecniche chirurgiche per l’esecuzione del lavaggio trans-palpebrale nel paziente equino e bovino.

APPARATO TEGUMENTARIO dei GROSSI ANIMALI.

Principi e fasi della guarigione delle ferite. Guarigione di prima, seconda intenzione e seconda ritardata. Approccio base ad un paziente con una ferita. Pulizia, igiene e disinfezione della ferita. I principali pattern di sutura nei grandi animali. Medicazioni e bendaggi. Gestione e trattamento chirurgico delle ernie. Interpretazione di alcuni casi clinici.

Patologie ombelicali: Trattamento chirurgico delle patologie ombelicali nel puledro e vitello. Interpretazione di alcuni casi clinici.

MD SEMEIOTICA E CLINICA CHIRURGICA 2 (B)

Il modulo affronta le diverse patologie dei piccoli animali (dalla presentazione clinica alla diagnosi e trattamento chirurgico) suddivise nei seguenti apparati:

APPARATO TEGUMENTARIO e URINARIO dei PICCOLI ANIMALI (CANE E GATTO):

Apparato tegumentario: gestione chirurgica delle ferite traumatiche (lacerazioni, degloving, ustioni, etc), delle più comuni neoplasie cutanee, tecniche di chirurgia plastica ricostruttiva (lembi locali, lembi assiali, lembi liberi, tecniche di rilascio delle tensioni)

Apparato urinario: patologie chirurgiche renali, calcolosi (renale, ureterale, vescicale, uretrale), patologie ureterali, patologie vescicali, patologie localizzate a livello uretrale del cane e del gatto

NEUROCHIRURGIA e APPARATO VISIVO dei PICCOLI ANIMALI (CANE E GATTO):

Neurochirurgia: Anatomia radiografica della colonna vertebrale e diagnosi delle relative patologie. Discussione delle principali patologie del sistema nervoso di interesse chirurgico (anomalie congenite, discopatia e spondilosi, fratture, instabilità cervicale e lombosacrale) e relativo trattamento.

Apparato visivo (occhio): Semeiotica e diagnosi delle patologie oculari:  palpebre e annessi (es. entropion, ectropion, prolasso ghiandola terza palpebra), cheratite, uveite, glaucoma, esame del fondo oculare. Modalità di esecuzione della visita oculistica e strumenti utilizzati (oftalmoscopio diretto ed indiretto, lampada a fessura, tonometro, test di Schirmer, test della fluorescina). Presentazione delle tecniche chirurgiche oftalmiche di base: suture palpebrali e corneali, riposizionamento ghiandola terza palpebra, flap congiuntivale, enucleazione.

APPARATO DIGERENTE, UDITIVO e GENITALE MASCHILE dei PICCOLI ANIMALI (CANE E GATTO):

Apparato digerente (dalla presentazione clinica alla diagnosi e trattamento chirurgico) a partire dalla bocca sino all'ano:

Patologie dentali, fistola odontopatica, tumori orali, fistole oronasali, schisi congenita del palato primario e secondario, patologie delle tonsille e della lingua, malattie delle ghiandoli salivari maggiori, acalasia faringea, esofagite da reflusso, megaesofago, diverticoli esofagei, quarto arco aortico persistente, ostruzioni esofagee, tumori esofagei, ernia iatale, innvaginamento gastro-esofageo, gastrite, corpi estranei gastrici, tumori gastrici, sindrome dilatazione/torsione gastrica del cane, ostruzione pilorica, tumori intestinali (piccolo e grosso), corpi estranei intestinali, invaginamento intestinale (intussuscezione), ostruzioni biliari, colecistite e colangioepatiti, tumori epatici e del pancreas esocrino, peritonite (anche biliare), patologie del retto (prolasso), patologie della regione perianale e dei seni paranali, ernia perineale.

Apparato uditivo (orecchio): Comprendente le patologie del padiglione auricolare, dell'orecchio esterno (canale auricolare), dell'orecchio medio (bolla timpanica) e di quello interno: Otoematoma, traumi del padiglione, tumori del padiglione e del condotto auricolare esterno, otite esterna (in particolare otite esterna "ultimo stadio"), otite media, polipi rinofaringei e dell'orecchio medio ed esterno del gatto, otite interna.

Apparato genitale maschile: patologie della prostata (complesso ipertrofia/iperplasia, cisti prostatiche e paraprostatiche, tumori), tumori testicolari (interstizioma, seminoma, sertolioma).

Program

MD SEMEIOTICS (CLINICAL SURGICAL EXAMINATION) AND SURGERY 3 (A)

The module deals with the different diseases of large animals divided into the following systems:

MUSCULOSKELETAL, and RESPIRATORY SYSTEM of LARGE ANIMALS:

Musculoskeletal system: Clinical examination and diagnostic methods (radiographic examination, ultrasound, etc.) for the main diseases responsible for lameness in the horse: development orthopedic diseases in the foal (ie angular and flexural deformities), disorders of the equine foot (diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment), muscle, tendon and ligament diseases, orthopedic infections (osteitis / osteomyelitis, arthritis and septic synovitis), orthopedic emergencies and stabilization methods, treatment of the most common fractures in the horse and methods of internal and external fixation. Minimally invasive surgical techniques.

Respiratory system: Diseases of the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses (nasal cyst, progressive hematoma of the ethmoid, polyps, neoplasms, primary and secondary sinusitis, etc) and surgical treatments, obstructive diseases of the pharynx (lymphoid hyperplasia of the pharynx, dorsal dislocation of the soft palate, etc.) and surgical treatments, diseases of the larynx (incarceration of the epiglottis, laryngeal hemiplegia, etc) and surgical treatments, diseases of the guttural pouches (empyema, mycosis, tympanism, etc.) and surgical treatments. Surgical techniques will refer to the most commonly used procedures. Indications and surgical techniques for tracheotomy/tracheostomy in the equine and bovine patient. Indications and surgical techniques for sinus trephination in the bovine patient. Indications and surgical techniques for chest surgery in the bovine patient.

GENITO-URINARY SYSTEM of LARGE ANIMALS

Male urogenital system: Main testicular diseases, indications and surgical techniques for orchiectomy in equine and bovine patients. Management and treatment of major complications following orchiectomy. Approach and surgical treatment of the cryptorchid patient. Main disorders of the penis. Indications and surgical techniques of the penis in the equine patient. Main diseases of the bladder. Indications and surgical techniques of the bladder in the equine and bovine patient. Interpretation of some clinical cases.

Female urogenital system: Approach and surgical treatment of the main pathologies of the mare's uterus. Indications and surgical techniques for ovariectomy in the mare. The caesarean in the mare. Interpretation of some clinical cases

ALIMENTARY SYSTEM of LARGE ANIMALS:

Main gastrointestinal diseases in the equine patient. Differential diagnoses of the main gastrointestinal diseases. Diagnostic triage of the colic patient. Medical management of the equine colic patient. Surgical technique for exploratory laparotomy. Indications, approaches and surgical treatment of gastrointestinal problems.. Management and treatment of major postoperative complications following exploratory laparotomy. Management and treatment of colic in the foal. Management and treatment of rectal tears in the equine patient. Indications, approaches and surgical treatment of tongue and esophagus diseases in the bovine patient. Indications, approaches and surgical treatment of forestomach diseases in the bovine patient. Indications, approaches and surgical treatment of abomasum diseases in the bovine.

VISUAL SYSTEM of LARGE ANIMALS:
Indications and surgical techniques for enucleation in equine and bovine patients. Indications and surgical techniques to insert sub-palpebral lavage systems in equine and bovine patients.

INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM of LARGE ANIMALS:
Principles and stages of wound healing. Healing of first, second intention and delayed second. Basic approach to a patient with a wound. Wound cleaning, hygiene and disinfection. The main suture patterns in large animals. Dressings and bandages. Surgical management and treatment of hernias. Interpretation of some clinical cases.
Umbilical pathologies: Surgical treatment of umbilical disorders in foal and calf. Interpretation of some clinical cases.

MD SEMEIOTICS (CLINICAL SURGICAL EXAMINATION) AND SURGERY 2 (B)

 This module addresses various disorders in small animals (from clinical presentation to diagnosis and surgical treatment) in  the following subgroups:

NEUROSURGERY and VISUAL SYSTEM of SMALL ANIMALS (DOG AND CAT):

Neurosurgery: radiographic anatomy of the spine and diagnosis of related diseases. Discussion of the major diseases of the nervous system that require surgical interventions and treatment (congenital anomalies, disc disease and spondylosis, fractures, cervical and lumbosacral instability).

Visual system (eye): Clinical examination and diagnosis of eye diseases: eye lids and  accessory organs of the eye  (e.g., entropion, ectropion, prolapsed third eyelid), keratitis, uveitis, glaucoma, fundus examination. Techniques to perform eye examination and instruments used (direct and indirect ophthalmoscope, slit lamp, tonometer, Schirmer test,  fluorescein test). Presentation of basic ophthalmic surgical techniques: the eyelid and corneal sutures, third eyelid gland procedures, conjunctival flap, enucleation.

ALIMENTARY SYSTEM, AUDITORY and MALE REPRODUCTION SYSTEM of SMALL ANIMALS (DOG AND CAT) 

Alimentary system (covering clinical presentation, diagnosing and surgical treatment) from the mouth up to the anus: Dental disease, odontopathic diseases, fistula. oral cancers, oronasal fistulas, congenital cleft of the primary and secondary palate, tonsil and tongue diseases, diseases of the salivary gland more, pharyngeal achalasia, reflux esophagitis, megaesophagus, esophageal diverticula, fourth persistent aortic arch, esophageal obstruction, esophageal tumors, hiatal hernia, gastroesophageal invagination, gastritis, gastric foreign bodies, gastric cancer syndrome gastric dilatation / torsion dog, pyloric obstruction, intestinal tumors (small and large), intestinal foreign bodies, intestinal invagination (intussusception), biliary obstruction, cholecystitis and colangioepatiti, liver tumors of the exocrine pancreas, peritonitis (including biliary), diseases of the rectum (prolapse), diseases of the perianal region and paranal breasts, perineal hernia.

Auditory system (ear): Including diseases of the ear, outer ear (ear canal), middle ear (tympanic bulla), and the internal ear: Ear hematoma, the pavilion trauma, tumors of the pavilion and the external auditory conduit, otitis externa (especially chronic otitis externa), otitis media, nasopharyngeal polyps and middle and outer cat ear, inner ear infections.

Male reproductive system: diseases of the prostate (complex hypertrophy / hyperplasia, prostatic cysts and paraprostatic tumors), testicular cancer (Leydig cell tumors, seminoma, sertolioma).

INTEGUMENTARY and URINARY SYSTEM of SMALL ANIMALS (DOG AND CAT):

Integumentary system: surgical management of traumatic injuries (lacerations, degloving trauma, burns, etc.), the most common skin cancers, reconstructive plastic surgery techniques (local flaps, axial flaps, free flaps, the tensions release techniques)

Urinary system: surgical diseases of the kidney, calculi (kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra), ureteral diseases, bladder disorders, diseases affecting the urethra in dog and cat

Oggetto:

Modalità di insegnamento

Il corso è articolato in 70 ore di didattica frontale in aula, 52 ore di esercitazioni calendarizzate (a piccoli e medi gruppi e collettive) e seminari facoltativi monotematici.

Modulo 3 (A)

Didattica frontale (28 ore): Presentazioni power point supportate da materiale iconografico relativo alle patologie trattate, all'iter diagnostico e ai trattamenti (conservativi e chirurgici) degli argomenti del modulo 2. Seminari facoltativi monotematici

Esercitazioni calendarizzate collettive (3 ore) o a gruppi (2 o 3 gruppi)(16 ore), durante le quali saranno illustrati e discussi:

  • Casi clinici (grossi animali) inerenti ai diversi apparati e afferiti presso l'ospedale universitario veterinario o registrati durante visite in campo. Le esercitazioni collettive sono supportate da ampio materiale iconografico e filmati con sessioni pratiche in aula su simulatori, manichini  o altro materiale dimostrativo.
  • Visualizzazione di tecniche videoendoscopiche/laparoscopiche e chirurgiche del cavallo mediante ausili audio-visivi
  • Esercitazioni pratiche  su casi clinici dei GA riferiti all'Ospedale Veterinario Universitario e/o su materiale cadaverico e/o simulatori e manichini GA.

Modulo 2 (B)

Didattica frontale (42 ore): Presentazioni power point supportate da materiale iconografico relativo alle patologie trattate e all'iter diagnostico e ai trattamenti (conservativi e chirurgici) degli argomenti del modulo 3.

Esercitazioni calendarizzate collettive (13 ore) o a gruppi (2 o 3 gruppi) (16 ore), durante le quali saranno illustrati e discussi:

  • Casi clinici (piccoli animali), inerenti ai diversi apparati e afferiti presso l'ospedale universitario veterinario o registrati durante visite in ospedale. Le esercitazioni collettive sono supportate da ampio materiale iconografico e filmati. 
  •  

Esercitazioni calendarizzate a piccoli gruppi (4 ore) durante le quali saranno svolte:

  • Esercitazioni pratiche in sala settoria su metodiche di chirurgia plastica ricostruttiva e di chirurgia a carico delle basse vie urinarie nel cane e nel gatto su materiale cadaverico e/o simulatori.
  • Didactic methodology

    The course consists of 70 hours of classroom lectures , 52 hours of exercises (wet labs and clinical cases presentation)  scheduled  as individual labs for small and medium-size student groups and at times for the entire class, and additionally elective single-topic seminars.

    Module 3 (A)

    Lectures (28 hours): Power point presentations including illustrative material related to the diseases addressed, diagnostic work up and treatments (conservative and surgical) of topics covered in module 2. Elective monothematic seminars

    Laboratory classes scheduled for entire class (3 hours) or for small student groups (2 or 3 groups; 16 hours), during which will be presented and discussed:

    • Clinical cases (large animals) admitted to the veterinary teaching hospital or being seen during field service visits  and in which the different diagnostic and treatment equipment is being employed. Common class labs involve for illustration purposes extensive image material and videos and other illustrative material.
    • Display techniques of videoendoscopic / laparoscopic surgical techniques in the horse with help of audio-visual techniques.
    • Practical exercises in clinical large animal cases admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital or on large animal cadaveric material and / or in simulators and on mannequins.

     Module 2 (B)

    Lectures (42 hours): Power point presentations including illustrative material demonstrating the addressed diseases and diagnostic work up and treatments (conservative and surgical) of module 3 topics. 

    Scheduled labs for the entire class (13 hours) or for individual student  groups (2 or 3 groups); 16 hours), will include presentations and discussions of:

    • Clinical cases (small animals) related to various organ systems, admitted to the veterinary teaching hospital or being seen during hospital visits. Common class labs involve for illustration purposes extensive image material and video clips.

    Laboratories in small groups (4 hours) will be scheduled during which the following exercises will be carried out:

    Practical exercises in the gross pathology dissection room to practice on animal cadavers and / or on dummies/simulators, reconstructive plastic surgery techniques and surgery of the lower urinary tract of dogs and cats.

     

  • Oggetto:

    Modalità di verifica dell'apprendimento

    Le valutazioni formali si basano su due prove subordinate al superamento di una preliminare prova pratica (senza votazione; superata o non superata).

    La prova pratica consiste nella realizzazione da parte dello studente di un video relativo ad alcune manualità chirurgiche assegnate 1-2 mesi prima della sessione d'esami. Il superamento della prova pratica permette allo studente di accedere alla prova scritta.

    La prova scritta verte su argomenti del programma di clinica chirurgica dei piccoli e grossi animali. Vengono accertate le conoscenze su argomenti inerenti alla diagnosi, al trattamento e alle tecniche chirurgiche di base di patologie chirurgiche dei piccoli e grossi animali. La prova scritta prevede 80 domande (8 per ogni CFU) comprendenti domande a risposta multipla (A), a completamento (risposte brevi) (B) o di sequenza logica (C) ritenute fondamentali per un neolaureato Ogni studente deve rispondere correttamente ad almeno il 60% delle domande per superare la prova scritta. In caso di esito positivo, lo studente può accedere alla prova professionalizzante successiva.

    La prova professionalizzante in forma orale/pratica (a seguire nello stesso appello), relativa al programma dei piccoli e grossi animali, è volta ad accertare il raggiungimento degli obiettivi dell'apprendimento, dimostrando che lo studente ha acquisito capacità critica e di ragionamento sulla discussione di due casi clinici (uno per i piccoli ed uno per i grossi animali) a partire da un video o un'immagine clinica, chirurgica o radiografica. Per ciascun caso clinico lo studente è tenuto a discutere gli aspetti eziopatogenetici, clinici di presentazione, diagnostici differenziali, diagnostici e terapeutici (con particolare riferimento alla procedura chirurgica). È inoltre tenuto a rispondere della gestione post-operatoria e delle possibili complicanze. 

    Il voto complessivo dell'esame è costituito dalla media aritmetica delle due prove (scritta e orale). In caso di fallimento della prova professionalizzante, lo studente dovrà ripetere entrambe le prove.

    Learning assessment modalitieS

    The formal assessments are based on two tests subject to passing a preliminary practical test (without grading; passed or failed).

    The practical test consists of a video, made by the student, related to some surgical manual skills assigned 1 to 2 months before the exam session. Passing the practical test allows the student to access the written test.

    The written test concerns topics of the surgery course program for both small and large animals. Knowledge is ascertained on subjects related to the diagnosis, treatment and basic surgical techniques of surgical diseases of small and large animals. The written test includes 80 questions (8 for each CFU) including multiple choice (A), short answers (B) or logical sequence (C) questions considered fundamental for a recent graduate Each student must correctly answer at least 60% of the questions to pass the written test. In case of a positive outcome, the student can proceed to the next test.

    The oral/practical test (to follow in the same exam session), concerning the program of small and large animals, is aimed at ascertaining the achievement of the learning objectives, demonstrating that the student has acquired critical and reasoning skills on the discussion of two clinical cases (one for small and one for large animals) starting from a video or a clinical, surgical or radiographic image. For each clinical case the student is expected to discuss the etiopathogenetic, clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects (with particular attention to the surgical procedure). He is also required to illustrate the post-operative management and possible complications.

    The overall score of the exam consists of the arithmetic average of the two tests (written and oral). In case of failure of the oral test, the student will have to repeat both tests.

    Oggetto:

    Attività di supporto

    Testi consigliati e bibliografia



    Oggetto:
    Libro
    Titolo:  
    Small Animal Surgery
    Anno pubblicazione:  
    2018
    Editore:  
    Mosby
    Autore:  
    Theresa Fossum
    ISBN  
    Obbligatorio:  
    Si


    Oggetto:
    Libro
    Titolo:  
    Equine Surgery
    Anno pubblicazione:  
    2018
    Editore:  
    Saunders
    Autore:  
    Jorg A. Auer & John A. Stick
    ISBN  
    Obbligatorio:  
    Si
    Oggetto:

    Altri testi e consigli bibliografici

    Agli studenti viene fornito il materiale registrato delle diapositive presentate a lezione e delle dispense in formato PDF.

    Altri testi per la preparazione dell'esame relativamente alla parte dei PICCOLI ANIMALI (CANI e GATTI):

    1) Veterinary surgery : small animal
    Author(s): Johnston, Spencer A.; Tobias, Karen M. 
    Editor: St. Louis Mo : Elsevier Saunders, 2012
    ISBN: ISBN: 978-1-4377-0746-5
    Url: https://elsevier.ca/product.jsp?isbn=9781437707465

    2) BSAVA manual of canine and feline wound management and reconstruction Gloucester : British Small Animal Veterinary Association, [2009] VII, 276 p. ; 30 cm. Autore: John Williams and Alison Moores. - 2. ed : British Small Animal Veterinary Association, [2009] VII, 276 p. ; 30 cm.Edizione: John Williams and Alison Moores. - 2. ed [2009]
    Casa editrice: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Gloucester
    ISBN: 9781905319091
    Url: http://unito-opac.cineca.it/SebinaOpac/Opac?action=search&thNomeDocumento=UTO2652480T

    3) Atlas of small animal wound management and reconstructive surgery
    Author(s): Pavletic, Michael M.- 3. ed, 2010
    Editor: Ames : Wiley-Blackwell, a John Wiley & Sons Inc., publication,
    ISBN: ISBN 978-08-13-81124-6; 08-13-81124-4
    Url: http://unito-opac.cineca.it/SebinaOpac/Opac?action=inventory&thNomeDocumento=UTO1155364T
    (Chapters 3,4,9,11,12,13,14)

    Altri testi e video per la preparazione dell'esame relativamente alla parte dei GRANDI ANIMALI 

    1) Diagnosis and management of lameness in the horse
    Author(s): Dyson, Sue J.; Ross, Mike W. ed, 2011 Editor: St. Louis Mo : Elsevier Saunders,
    ISBN: ISBN: 978-14-16-06069-7 
    Url: http://unito-opac.cineca.it/SebinaOpac/Opac?action=inventory&thNomeDocumento=UTO1360787T
    (Part 1, Chapters 1-10)

    2} Turner and McIlwraith's: Techniques in Large Animal Surgery Wiley Blackwell 2013

    3) The Equine Acute Abdomen, Authors: Blikslager AT, White II NA, Moore, Mair TS , Wiley Blackwell; 3rd ed. 2017 .

    4) Farm Animal Surgery 2 ed. (2016) Authors: Fubini SL Ducharme N Saunders; ISBN-10: 0323316654, ISBN-13: 978-0323316651

    5) Equine Fracture Repair, 2nd Edition Authors: Alan J. Nixon ed. 2019 Wiley-BlackwelAdams and Stashak's Lameness in Horses Authors: Baxter G.M.  by Wiley-Blackwell 6° ed. 2011.Equine Emergencies - Treatment and Procedures Authors: Orsini J.A. & Divers T.J. 4°ed. Saunders Elsevier 2014

    Videos:
    Video CD Equine Colic A comprehensive exploration in 3D © The Glass Horse Project, LLC
    Video CD: Elements of the Equine Distal Limb © The Glass Horse Project, LLC

    Other texts adopted for Small Animals (Dogs and Cats):

    1) Veterinary surgery : small animal Author(s): Johnston, Spencer A.; Tobias, Karen M. 
    Editor: St. Louis Mo : Elsevier Saunders, 2012
    ISBN: ISBN: 978-1-4377-0746-5
    Url: https://elsevier.ca/product.jsp?isbn=9781437707465

    2) BSAVA manual of canine and feline wound management and reconstruction GloucesterBritish Small Animal Veterinary Association, [2009] VII, 276 p. ; 30 cm.
    Author(s): John Williams and Alison Moores. -
    ed : British Small Animal Veterinary Association, [2009] VII, 276 p. ; 30 cm.- 2. ed [2009]
    Editor: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Gloucester
    ISBN: 9781905319091
    Url: http://unito-opac.cineca.it/SebinaOpac/Opac?action=search&thNomeDocumento=UTO2652480T

    3) Atlas of small animal wound management and reconstructive surgery
    Author(s): Pavletic, Michael M.- 3. ed, 2010
    Editor: Ames : Wiley-Blackwell, a John Wiley & Sons Inc., publication,
    ISBN: ISBN 978-08-13-81124-6; 08-13-81124-4
    Url: http://unito-opac.cineca.it/SebinaOpac/Opac?action=inventory&thNomeDocumento=UTO1155364T
    (Chapters 3,4,9,11,12,13,14)

    4) Veterinary ophthalmology. Gelatt K.N. 4th ed. Blackwell Publishing 2007

    5) Small Animal Spinal Disorders. Sharp N.J.H, Wheeler SJ. 2nd ed. Elsevier 2005

     

    Other texts and videos adopted for LARGE ANIMALS (Equine and Ruminants)

    1) Diagnosis and management of lameness in the horse
    Author(s): Dyson, Sue J.; Ross, Mike W. ed, 2011 Editor: St. Louis Mo : Elsevier Saunders,
    ISBN: ISBN: 978-14-16-06069-7 
    Url: http://unito-opac.cineca.it/SebinaOpac/Opac?action=inventory&thNomeDocumento=UTO1360787T
    (Part 1, Chapters 1-10)

    2) Turner and McIlwraith's: Techniques in Large Animal Surgery Wiley Blackwell 2013

    3) The Equine Acute Abdomen, Authors: Blikslager AT, White II NA, Moore, Mair TS , Wiley Blackwell; 3rd ed. 2017 

    4) Farm Animal Surgery 2 ed. (2016) Authors: Fubini SL Ducharme N Saunders; ISBN-10: 0323316654, ISBN-13: 978-0323316651

    5) Equine Fracture Repair, 2nd Edition Authors: Alan J. Nixon ed. 2019 Wiley-Blackwell

    6) Adams and Stashak's Lameness in Horses Authors: Baxter G.M.  by Wiley-Blackwell 6° ed. 2011.

    7) Equine Emergencies - Treatment and Procedures Authors: Orsini J.A. & Divers T.J. 4°ed. Saunders Elsevier 2014

    Videos:
    Video CD Equine Colic A comprehensive exploration in 3D © The Glass Horse Project, LLC
    Video CD: Elements of the Equine Distal Limb © The Glass Horse Project, LLC

     



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